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The sum of compensation owed to states on account of shortfall in collections of Goods and Services Tax (GST) will be “honoured” as per the statement made by the union government.
Out of total amount due , ₹97,000 crore, would be paid out immediately and the balance over a deferred period to be mutually decided by the GST Council.
The clarification by the union government just ahead of the GST Council meeting on Thursday, could potentially defuse the ugly face off witnessed in the last meeting between the centre and the states.
Union government had convened a meeting of the states’ finance secretaries last week to clarify the position. In the nearly three hour long meeting, the union government fleshed out the options shared with the states in the last meeting.
Union government would prefer the states to borrow to fund the payout. But, If the centre borrows then it will drive up yields and impact the cost of borrowing for everyone. Not the right thing to do when we are looking to revive the economy and encouraging companies to invest.
To make it easier for states, the union government has initiated a conversation with the Reserve Bank of India to open a special window wherein all the states would access loans at the same rate.
Further, these borrowings will be linked to the collections under cess , so repayments will be settled through the receipts of cess and thereby not pressure the budgets of the state governments.
The clarification by the union government comes after the differences in the last meeting of the Council had begun to threaten the GST compact, which had been held up as the new template of cooperative federalism. Delhi, along with Punjab, Kerala, Telangana and West Bengal, had rejected the two options proposed by the Centre at the GST Council meeting last month to fund their GST revenue gap.