Rs. 15566.96 lakh approved for State Specific Projects under Samagra Shiksha-HRD Minister

1. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, entitles  all  children  between  the  ages  of  6-14 years  free  and  compulsory  admission, attendance and  completion  of  Elementary  Education. 

2. Further, under Section 10 of RTE Act, 2009, it shall be the duty of every parent or guardian to admit or cause to be admitted his or her child or ward, as the case may be, to an elementary education in the neighbourhood school.

3. The Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development is implementing Samagra Shiksha – an Integrated Scheme for School Education (ISSE).

4. Samagra Shiksha envisages the ‘school’ as a continuum from Pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to Senior Secondary levels and supports States and Union Territories in implementation of the RTE Act, 2009.

5. Under Samagra Shiksha, to address the issues of adolescent girls, Special  State  specific  projects for varied interventions  under  equity are emphasized for enhancing  access,  retention  and  quality  by  promoting  enrolment  drives,   retention  and  motivation camps, gender sensitization modules etc.

6. Financial Support is also being provided under State  Specific  projects  as  per  the  allocation of  flexi  fund  under  quality  to  the  state subject to viable proposals received from the respective State and UTs.

7. Such projects include Life Skills, Awareness programmes, Incinerators, Sanitary Pad Vending Machines. The amount of Rs. 15566.96 lakh has been approved for State Specific Projects for the year  2019-20 under Samagra Shiksha. 

8. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) at Primary level for Girls is 95.4. as per Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) 2017-18 (provisional).

9. Under Samagra Shiksha,  various interventions have been targeted for girls, which include opening of schools in the neighbourhood as defined by the State, provision of free text-books to girls up to Class VIII, uniforms to all girls up to class VIII, provision of gender segregated toilets in all schools, teachers’ sensitization programmes to promote girls’ participation,  provision for Self-Defence training for the girls from classes VI to XII, stipend to CWSN girls from class I to Class XII, construction  of  residential  quarters  for  teachers  in  remote/hilly  areas/in areas with difficult terrain. 

10. In addition to this, to reduce gender gaps at all levels of school education and for providing quality education to girls from disadvantaged groups, Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) have been sanctioned in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) under Samagra Shiksha.  KGBVs are residential schools from class VI to XII for girls belonging to disadvantaged groups such as SC, ST, OBC, Minority and Below Poverty Line (BPL).

11. A total of 5930 KGBVs have been sanctioned under Samagra Shiksha as on 30.09.2019. Out of it, 4881 are operational enrolling 6.18 lakh girls. 

12. This information was given by the Union Minister for Human Resource Development, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today.

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